Interoperability

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Interoperability

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Over the past four decades many hundreds of formats have been devised and implemented for spatial data. Some are open, while others are proprietary. The development of an effective spatial data infrastructure has required extensive efforts to achieve interoperability, in other words the ability of systems to exchange and use data without major effort. The standards that make this possible have been devised and promulgated by several organizations, including national mapping agencies, international standards bodies, and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC): http://www.opengeospatial.org